Juveniles who are members of gangs usually carry illegal weapons to either protect themselves or retaliate for real or perceived wrongs done to them or to other gang members. This involved developing a comprehensive listing of risk and protective factors related to gang involvement. Similarly, Pfohl 1985 as cited in Lilly et al. The offers a glimpse into the full book and is designed especially for policymakers and other professionals who may want an overview of major take-away points that the researchers explore in each chapter. Many of these crime prevention programs aimed at reducing gang formation and violence have often been centered on community-based initiatives.
Without it, things could get worse. This paper will focus on combining these sources that are based on empirical methodologies with Robert Merton's strain theory to explain why youth join gangs from an analytical perspective. Develop a good relationship with your teen. Likewise, if a child is being abused, being in a gang may make him feel tough enough to protect himself from his abuser. Being in a gang is often seen as a way to obtain money or possessions. Current research suggests the need to address specific risk factors that lead youth to violence and gangs. It is often easier to join the gang than to remain vulnerable and unprotected in their neighborhoods.
Some want to make money. In the family context, not living with a gang member was a key protective factor. The worst and most obvious risks are violence, injuries, and death. If friends or family members are in a gang, kids may be pressured to join a gang. Research suggests that the greater the number of risk factors that a youth experiences, the more likely he or she is to join a gang.
Gangs are often at the center of appealing social action—parties, hanging out, music, drugs, and opportunities to socialize with members of the opposite sex. Consequently, the member of the subculture gains in self-esteem and in social status. Finally, the young people must have a place to congregate — such a well-defined neighborhood. To effectively prevent youth from joining gangs it is essential to understand these risk factors. A few gangs that may be suitable options are the Black P.
State and other local government organizations tend to create their own definition. Criminal Justice Review, 38, 491—509. Addressing and removing them would have a major impact upon the gang phenomenon. Youth at risk or already involved in gangs tend to be from groups that suffer from the greatest levels of inequality and social disadvantage. Things like being accepted and getting support - good times or bad. Gangs are not a recent trend. Research suggests that as youth accumulate more protective factors it lowers the risk of gang involvement.
Shelter during the storm: A search for factors that protect at-risk adolescents from violence. Under these conditions, conventional adult supervision is largely absent. A teen hanging with much older peers is never a good sign. They hold absolutely no respect for you or what you have. Since gangs use graffiti to mark their turf, advertise themselves, and claim credit for a crime, quick removal is essential.
Risk factors can be defined as life events or experiences that are associated with an increase in problem behaviours, such as drug use or gang activities. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for persons under 18 to be charged and tried as adults. For them to victimize you and your property brings no response from their conscious as it reflect no guilt. Why Do Teens Join Gangs? Developmentally, early adolescence is all about fitting into a group and gaining independence from family -- so the camaraderie that comes with being in a gang is alluring to many young people. That's what is attractive about the gang and thus pulls the youth into it.
A lot of factors play a significant role in what makes youths turn to gangs. Law enforcement severely undercounts juvenile gang members, with national estimates at 300,000, less than one-third of what was found in the study. They wear the latest fashion trends, throw the hottest parties, and drive the coolest cars. The demand and overall pressure from citizens has placed extra responsibility on law enforcement agencies to develop and implement ways of deterring crime and informing the public of ways to participate. Social-learning theory offers an explanation of crime and deviance that embraces variables that operate both to motivate and control criminal behavior, both to promote and undermine conformity. Additionally, it appears that not only entry into gangs, but also prolonged membership is associated with a greater risk of delinquency.
This means that gangs have to constantly recruit new talent to their groups, not unlike service-industry or other occupations where employees frequently quit after a short period. How do you combat that type of thinking and mentality? Peer pressure, family, protection, and boredom are the main reasons I noticed that teens join gangs. Youth involved in such activities are less likely to seek membership in a gang. Lower level needs, he believed, must be at least adequately satisfied or met before an individual may successfully pursue the higher level needs. In general, the wide array of research-supported protective factors against violence likely applies to gang members because this group and violent adolescents have many risk factors in common. Two instances of that is, the increased interest in elderly abuse and the understanding behind the reasoning to why young people are joining gangs.