By combining the two, the public has the ability to elect a president, the powers are shared between the president and prime minister, and the prime minister still has the ability to pass legislature as agreed on between the two powers. States may display traditional legitimacy built on history and continuity , charismatic legitimacy embodied in a powerful and inspiring individual , rational-legal legitimacy built on a foundation of highly institutionalized laws , or a mixture of these. The comparativist therefore uses two types of sources to gather facts, which she analyzes meticulously to make a case as to why health-care systems in the U. Only if anti-system obstruction of legislation posed a threat to the survival of legislative democracy, individual legislators became willing to unilaterally surrender inherited powers to control the plenary agenda to party leaders. For instance, if the company has good personal policies in respect… 913 Words 4 Pages face. Analysing multiple cross-national units also furthers our understanding of the similarities, differences and relationships between the case study itself, and the geo-political, economic, and socio-cultural factors that would otherwise escape unaccounted.
Social scientists would like to think that their theory serves two purposes: description and prediction. It is by studying institutions and processes of different countries by use of an empirical methodological framework, that the researcher is able to realise inferences without the ambiguity of generalisations. Some find government so fascinating that they make government service their career. Yet their support for democracy varies according to the presence and type of political upheaval that occurred in their country. German literature has been enormously influenced by French, Roman and English literatures among others.
In a parliamentary, the public does not directly elect the prime minister. Democracy The study of political science is especially important to our success as a democracy. Legitimacy is defined as recognizing someone or something as right and proper. The state is responsible for laws and regulations, property rights, taxation, health and labor protection, and social welfare. In other words, comparative politics is the study of the domestic politics, political institutions, and conflicts of countries. Indeed, many comparativists particularly those subscribing wholly to an area-studies understanding of the field view their roles as interpreters of the politics of foreign cultures. You will have to answer one question 5-7 pages to demonstrate your mastery of an important area of current research and demonstrate your knowledge of how this theme has been addressed across a variety of regions.
It opposes the values instigated by an authoritarian political regime. We examine frameworks for understanding the policy process before discussing how policymakers obtain feedback and strategically use indecision. What Are The Advantages of Comparing Institutions and Political Processes In Two Or More Countries Compared To the Study Of the Same Institutions Or Processes In a Single Country? The political culture of a country is the basic values, attitudes, beliefs, and ideas of the people t. In our increasingly globalized age, translation studies are also an important part of the comparative approach to literature. Lijphart delineates… 1558 Words 6 Pages Importance of Comparative Studies in English Importance of Comparative Studies in English Studying comparative English means selecting an academic department, which gives a reflection of a country of interest.
National identity often develops from ethnic identity. The kinds of questions that comparativists seek to answer include: Why do authoritarian states democratize? An ability to assess statistical arguments is equally important in modern life. Literary translations also have their own kind of history and even politics. Is there an optimum form of state rule? Does generalized trust lead to democratic transitions? Completing this unit should take you approximately 6 hours. Selection bias is a reductive practice that is most common with single-country studies. The last of the three is rational-legal legitimacy, which is based on a system of laws and procedures that are highly institutionalized.
Comparing culture could help explain dissimilarities in performance when comparing countries of similar regimes. Sometimes one is the focus of comparison in a two-country study, as when comparativists study political parties in the U. They may also be found working for political parties, in governments, or as civil servants. Although constitutions vary from state to state, they are similar in many ways. The Heckscher-Ohlin model and military strategy are predicated upon the same logic. I study their location and utilization; find that they are both located in low-income communities and open to better-off buyers; and conclude that by combining the efficiency of spatial targeting with the popularity of universal access, they offer developing democracies a sustainable approach to social policy.
Our comparativist may now feel that she knows why the health-care systems are different, and may conclude that, although these differences have many causes, one seems to be stronger than all the others: Britons trust government more than Americans. Why do we need this comparison? It is this nature of the analysis that renders it comparative. In Togo, by contrast, there is much more suspicion between government and opposition, and much less cooperation. It is conceptually and theoretically rich, methodologically well-developed, and most importantly, thematically diverse. Federalism does not need to be uniform; some countries use asymmetric federalism, where power is devolved unevenly between regional bodies.
There must be some medium for finding the differences and similarities between one county and another in order discover what can effect such aspects as economic strength, military strength, and the structure of the regime in power. From this point of view, this work represents a good example of a research conducted according to the Most Different Systems Design. In testing for the relationship between income inequality and political violence in sixty countries, Muller and Seligson identified which countries collated with their theory and which did not. Patterns, similarities and differences are examined to assess the relationships of variants between the two or more separate systems. But like any field of intellectual endeavor, there is no consensus among those who study comparative politics concerning what the field is about.
Do we merely mean a rule by the people, demos? There is little evidence that any of these conditions have been met in postwar Japan. And finally, is the modern nation state static or evolving in its form and function? Scholarship on the rise of political parties mostly focuses on the electoral arena. Perhaps your city is raising taxes, or cutting funding for one of the after school programs. While political theory deals with theoretical issues about democracy, justice et cetera, comparative politics deals with more empirical questions. Please type your answers in the spaces below.