Who is the pretender in a modest proposal. Swift: A Modest Proposal 2019-02-18

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A Modest Proposal

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

I think the advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance. Lastly of putting a Spirit of Honesty, Industry and Skill into our Shop-keepers, who, if a Resolution could now be taken to Buy only our Native Goods, would immediately unite to Cheat and Exact upon us in the Price, the Measure, and the Goodness, nor could ever yet be brought to make one fair Proposal of just dealing, though often and earnestly invited to it. That the remaining hundred thousand may, at a year old, be offered in sale to the persons of quality and fortune, through the kingdom, always advising the mother to let them suck plentifully in the last month, so as to render them plump, and fat for a good table. Thus the squire will learn to be a good landlord, and grow popular among his tenants; the mother will have eight shillings net profit, and be fit for work till she produces another child. And the money will circulate among ourselves, the goods being entirely of our own growth and manufacture. Text that appears in italics in some printed versions of the Proposal is here shown in brown like this. Despite the satirical nature of the essay, Swift is following all of the standard conventions to make his essay as persuasive as possible.

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A Summary and Analysis of 'A Modest Proposal' By Jonathan Swift

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

I think the advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance. I think it is agreed by all parties, that this prodigious number of children in the arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom, a very great additional grievance; and therefore whoever could find out a fair, cheap and easy method of making these children sound and useful members of the common-wealth, would deserve so well of the publick, as to have his statue set up for a preserver of the nation. I do therefore humbly offer it to publick consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle, or swine, and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore, one male will be sufficient to serve four females. There only remain an hundred and twenty thousand children of poor parents annually born. Swift's ambiguity Near the end of the pamphlet in coloured type on this page Swift dismisses some alternative solutions to the problem of poverty. Many other advantages might be enumerated. I have already computed the charge of nursing a beggar's child in which list I reckon all cottagers, laborers, and four-fifths of the farmers to be about two shillings per annum, rags included; and I believe no gentleman would repine to give ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child, which, as I have said, will make four dishes of excellent nutritive meat, when he hath only some particular friend or his own family to dine with him.

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A Summary and Analysis of 'A Modest Proposal' By Jonathan Swift

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couple, who are able to maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. First, as things now stand, how they will be able to find food and raiment for an hundred thousand useless mouths and backs. ” As to my own part, having turned my thoughts for many years upon this important subject, and maturely weighed the several schemes of other projectors, I have always found them grossly mistaken in the computation. I have reckoned upon a medium, that a child just born will weigh 12 pounds, and in a solar year, if tolerably nursed, encreaseth to 28 pounds. The number of souls in this kingdom being usually reckoned one million and a half, of these I calculate there may be about two hundred thousand couple whose wives are breeders; from which number I subtract thirty thousand couple, who are able to maintain their own children, although I apprehend there cannot be so many, under the present distresses of the kingdom but this being granted, there will remain an hundred and seventy thousand breeders. What problem does Swift seek to solve? Try to show what you think Swift's real views are about how to relieve poverty look at the section in italics near the end of the pamphlet.


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A Summary and Analysis of 'A Modest Proposal' By Jonathan Swift

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

Swift considers the possibility of eating older children, but decides against it - the boys would be tough and lean, while the girls would be near to the time when they could “become Breeders themselves”, and it would be best to let them do so. There was no social security system and starvation was as common as in the Third World today. This task is in several parts. As the projector, he is sincerely hoping no one will object to his proposal. I do therefore humbly offer it to publick consideration, that of the hundred and twenty thousand children, already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle, or swine, and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore, one male will be sufficient to serve four females.

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Jonathan Swift(1667

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

To give the poor something of value that they may profit from 3. Many other advantages might be enumerated. If you wish to work traditionally these activities can be done in an exercise book, or as a booklet using your own skills in illustration and writing. The guide suggests ways of responding to Jonathan Swift's pamphlet A Modest Proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick. He not only continues to appeal to the readers and raise the stakes of his argument, but he is also trying to convince them that he's acting solely out of his concern with doing helping Ireland. These mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced to employ all their time in stroling to beg sustenance for their helpless infants who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes. Later, you will be expected to write about other texts which are like this one in some way or ways, and compare them together.

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Swift, Modest

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

However, Swift's opposition is indirectly presented. He more likely was suggesting that such beliefs were destructive and foolish, since he put those ideas in the writing of a very prejudiced narrator. You should choose one of the two tasks below, and use the study guide to direct your writing about the Modest Proposal. However, the sympathy he establishes at the beginning with the audience quickly disappears after a few paragraphs once his claim is introduced. For preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick. You may also write about some developments or modifications of his scheme which others have suggested, and Swift's comments on these.

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A Modest Proposal

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

Secondly, The poorer tenants will have something valuable of their own, which by law may be made liable to distress and help to pay their landlord's rent, their corn and cattle being already seized, and money a thing unknown. To really investigate the gutter, one must put part of oneself in the gutter. I do therefore humbly offer it to public consideration that of the hundred and twenty thousand children already computed, twenty thousand may be reserved for breed, whereof only one-fourth part to be males; which is more than we allow to sheep, black cattle or swine; and my reason is, that these children are seldom the fruits of marriage, a circumstance not much regarded by our savages, therefore one male will be sufficient to serve four females. A Modest Proposal is truly anything but modest. After all, I am not so violently bent upon my own opinion, as to reject any offer, proposed by wise men, which shall be found equally innocent, cheap, easy, and effectual. A very worthy person, a true lover of his country, and whose virtues I highly esteem, was lately pleased in discoursing on this matter to offer a refinement upon my scheme.

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A Modest Proposal Analysis Questions Essay

who is the pretender in a modest proposal

I again subtract fifty thousand for those women who miscarry, or whose children die by accident or disease within the year. . A Modest Proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick. We should soon see an honest emulation among the married women, which of them could bring the fattest child to the market. But this, and many others, I omit, being studious of brevity.


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