The population of France rose from about 23 million in 1715 to 28million in 1789. Paris, as the French capital, of cause had the greatest influence to the whole Europe. The people of France were divided into three basic classes or estates. The American colonies had enjoyed a large degree of self-government, and they wanted even greater freedom from British control, so they resented the imposition of stronger British rule and heavier taxes. She was also known as 'Madam Deficit' for her spendthrift ways. The main cause of the Revolution was the differences between the three social classes that existed in France at that time.
The third estate felt as if they were being taken advantage of by the first and second estate as well as the monarchy. France: Manchester University Press, 1999, pp. The price of grain also increased, and became hard for some to afford. Dislike of the nobility was especially intense. They condemnded the prevailing social system as well An out of control national debt. As the revolution proceeded, power devolved from the monarchy and the privileged-by-birth to more-representative political bodies, like legislative assemblies, but conflicts among the formerly allied republican groups became the source of considerable discord and bloodshed.
The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world. As one of the five permanent members of the —together with the United States, , the , and —France has the right to veto decisions put to the council. A new leader, Louis Napoleon, a nephew of the great Napoleon, was overwhelmingly elected President of the new government. The first estates were the clergy and priests, the second estate were the nobilities or nobles, and the third state were the bourgeoisie, urban labours and peasants. The Revolution nevertheless freed the state from the trammels of its medieval past, releasing such unprecedented power that the revolutionaries could defy, and Napoleon conquer, the rest of Europe. It could also force a merchant to of his flour he was later compensated for his loss in times of abundance. In this situation, the king at last summoned the States General.
Last French kings were not good rulers. Also, flawed taxation policy, no uniformity of taxes led to high inflation. The Seven Years' War known as the French and Indian War in North America caused particular harm to the state's finances, as France participated in both European and North American theaters of the conflict and, in the end, merely lost huge amounts of territory as a result. His believe was kind of right. France was a wealthier country than Britain, and its national debt was no greater than the British one. Despite the pretense that France operated under an , it became clear that the royal government could not successfully implement the changes it desired without the consent of the nobility. It did not meet even once during the 175 years after 1614.
First, the vast majority of the debts held by the French were from wars. The Bourbon kings on palaces, entertainment and gifts to favorites also spent large sums of money. See also , , , , and the. Properly speaking, the people ought to have been accustomed to the fact that the French government did not fulfill its financial obligations, for since the time of , that is, within two centuries, it had failed to meet its obligations fifty-six times. The Three most important causes of the French Revolution were social causes, political causes and financial difficulties.
The American Revolution of 1776 soon followed, and finally, France started their own Revolution; the French Revolution of 1789. Louis the 16 th was unable to make the 1st and 2nd help pay, and Marie-Antoinette was a convenient scapegoat. Metropolitan Paris has now extended far beyond its ancient suburbs into the countryside, however, and nearly every French town and village now numbers a retiree or two driven from the city by the high , so that, in a sense, Paris has come to embrace the desert and the desert Paris. In 1847, the year prior, the bourgeoisie had called for liberal reforms that would expand the vote to 200,000 middle-class citizens. This caused the Third Estate to get angry.
Naturally, holders of these offices tried to reimburse themselves by milking taxpayers as hard as possible. He also spent a huge amount over the construction of the royal mansion at Versailles twelve miles away from Paris. The success of the American Revolution inspired them. Ungentlemanly or not, they were effective, and the Americans routed the British all the way back to Boston. Ill-will between the British government and its colonies in North America began to develop after 1763. Had the king supported them firmly, some measure of success would have fallen to them and when in May 1776 he dismissed Turgot, the Revolution became inevitable. .
The third estate consisted of merchants, businessmen, lawyers and peasants. Especially when it came to taxes, the third estate was getting taxed more than the first and second estate, even though they were making much less money. The Bourbon rulers failed to control the state affairs properly with the result that people began to lose their faith in the king and wanted to end once and for all the absolute power of the king. The most important causes of the French Revolution were the nation's debt, the refusal of the nobility and the clergy to pay taxes, egalitarian philosophies, and high food costs. The Clergy was subdivided into two groups i.
Crores of francs were spent for the maintenance of the luxurious mansions. France became bankrupt due to over expenditure in wars and luxury. It sprang from a combination of intellectual ferment and material grievances ; and it was the intellectual ferment that made material grievances more fiercely resented. In periods of bad harvests, it would lead to food scarcity which would. The second estate enjoyed some privileges, they owned between one-quarter and one third of the land. Author names and page titles can be found on each page.
They aroused the common people about their rights. These costs could not be met from the usual sources of state revenue. Helmolt argued that the issue was not so much the debt per se, but the way the debt was refracted through the lens of Enlightenment principles and the increasing power of creditors, that is, commoners who held the government's paper. These unwieldy systems led to arbitrary and unequal collection of France's. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. Higher taxes angered the common people, especially since the nobles didn't have to pay their share. Michael age 13 Not really.