The e-mails were entertaining, unless you were the one who had written the offending sentence. After sweating in Reavis Hall throughout the summer, I am ready for winter. No: They almost worked five years on that system. A dangling modifier modifies something that never actually appears in the sentence. As the intended meaning is that Jack can clearly hear Jill's whispers, this is a misplaced modifier. How to correct dangling modifiers Dangling modifiers may be corrected in two general ways.
Corrected Example 2 Corrected Sentences like these are common in everyday speech and ordinarily cause their listeners no trouble. Repair Work To keep the young recruits interested in getting in shape, the coaching staff set up an exercise program for the summer months. Misplaced Modifiers Can Change Sentence Meanings Why are misplaced modifiers bad? Now click on the link below to complete Exercise 1. Having learned French in just three months, Paul was as happy as he could be. In other words, a misplaced makes the meaning of a sentence ambiguous or wrong. What is a misplaced modifier Self Teaching Unit: Avoiding Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers ©t 2000, 1999, 1998, 1998 Margaret L.
To fix the errors and clarify the meaning, put the clauses next to the noun they are supposed to modify. Reprinted in The Owl in the Attic and Other Perplexities. They are often misplaced and cause an unintended meaning. Having worked for the company for twenty years, I was surprised to learn that my retirement benefits would not be sufficient. Furthermore, modifiers should always be located directly before or after the word or words they modify. These sentences should be restructured so it is clear which word or words the modifier describes. She had a meal in a restaurant that was low in price.
To avoid making this mistake, be sure to proofread your paper. In English sentences, the doer must be the subject of the main clause that follows. Placement of adverbs can also change meaning in sentences. It is better just to let the expression go, either one way or the other, because, after all, this particular sentence is of no importance except in cases where one is breaking the news to a mother. The dog bit only the mailcarrier.
Confusion Changing the oil every 3,000 miles, the car was kept in excellent condition. Olympic Hopefuls become tomorrow's Olympic Champions by purchasing Minute Maid Quality Products. In English, modifiers are placed immediately before or after the word s they describe. Misplaced modifiers can usually be corrected by moving the modifier to a more sensible place in the sentence, generally next to the word it modifies. Corrected Example 2 a hamper that Ralph wore? Example 1 This sentence does not specify who is looking toward the west. Thus, this modifier error is dangling and not merely misplaced. When you have a single adjective or adverb, misplaced modifiers rarely occur since they would immediately sound incorrect.
For example, the word only is a modifier that's easy to misplace. Here, this sentence makes it seem as though Mary's presents were eagerly awaiting Mary's birthday. The following worksheet demonstrates some misplaced and dangling modifiers. Disclaimer: All prizes in this exercise are cyber, which means they have no physical reality and cannot be collected for use in the material world. The book was missing from the library that we needed to finish our research. Example 1 a buttered woman? The following worksheet demonstrates some misplaced and.
Do you want people to stick their heads in the sand dunes? To keep track of your answers, print the accompanying. Since the doer of the action expressed in the participle has not been clearly stated, the participial phrase is said to be a dangling modifier. Wearing a helmet is a sign of a healthy awareness of death. What does misplaced modifier mean? The waitress is sauced with lumpy gravy? These sentences should be restructured to include the words the modifiers describe. Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct? Here, we don't know how much he lost. Common Problems Writers have problems using modifiers when they forget to mention the word that the modifier is supposed to describe. M This is also a misplaced modifier.
A third problem in modifier placement is described as a This is an unfortunate result of an adverb's ability to pop up almost anywhere in a sentence; structurally, the adverb may function fine, but its meaning can be obscure or ambiguous. The problem sentences below contain misplaced phrases that modify the wrong nouns. Confusion To keep the young recruits interested in getting in shape, an exercise program was set up for the summer months. Note again that the modifier, almost, acts on what directly follows it— almost failed versus almost every class. Bill only hinted that he would help us move. These are more commonly called. If you would like to review the use of Modifiers before taking this quiz or at any time during it , click.
What is a Misplaced Modifier? Placing Modifiers Correctly Once you have identified a modifier, you need to identify the person, place or thing that it is modifying. Always eager for cake is modifying everyone. The subject being modified is missing entirely and the modifier is left dangling all by itself. This sentence, for example, suggests that we brought a lunch slowly: To repair the meaning, move the adverb slowly so that it is near ate. This could mean that the modifier is in the wrong place in the sentence or that the word the modifier should describe is omitted from the sentence. Click the sentences for the answers. Yes: They worked almost five years on that system.