Minor Characters Aegisthus Aigisthos : The lover of Clytemnestra who kills Agamemnon and who is killed by Agamemnon's son, Orestes, in revenge. She tells him to go to the land of the dead and advises him to avoid the cattle of the sun. Some of its major characters have been analyzed below. In Agamemnon's abscence at Troy, he took Clytemnestra as a lover. This brings Odysseus, and the Phaeacians, serious problems later.
During the Trojan War, he posed as a beggar to enter the city; he also initiated the ruse of the giant wooden horse filled with Greek soldiers, a story retold by the bard Demodocus, not realizing that the hero himself is present, during the visit to Phaeacia 8. Hector is the greatest Trojan warrior, brother to Paris, and the eldest son of Priam and Hecuba. Amphinomus Amphinomos : One of the suitors who is opposed to killing Telemachus. Antinous and Eurymachus The two leading suitors, they differ in that Antinous is more physically aggressive while Eurymachus is a smooth talker. GradeSaver, 23 July 2015 Web. Eumaius Eumaios : Swineherd who takes in the disguised Odysseus and gives him shelter and food.
Furthermore, communications are very primitive in Homer's world, and strangers bring and receive news. Penelope and Odysseus especially embody the theme of perseverance. A callow 20-year-old afraid to challenge the suitors at the start of the poem, by the end, thanks in part to Athena's grooming, he is an assured, mature young man ready to take on the suitors. His death is avenged by his son Orestes. Athena, the goddess of wisdom, appears at several places in The Odyssey. She is responsible for having engineered the abduction of Helen from Sparta to Troy by prince Paris; this is what caused the Trojan War. Telemachus is searching for news of his father, who has not been heard from since he left for war nearly 20 years earlier.
Telemachus needs to grow up fast. He is portrayed as arrogant and hard-harded at times. His wife is Clytemnestra and his son is Orestes. He's a staunch believer in Athenian ideologies and a formidable foe in arguments, with a legendary capacity for wine. He repays the favor to others who need help and is a respectful traveler. Finally, Odysseus reveals his identity and pays tributes to her steadfastness, patience, loyalty, and wisdom. Halitherses: A prophet and seer of the Ithacans who speaks at the assembly before Telemachus leaves for Sparta and Pylos.
Disguised as a beggar in Ithaca, he is even more active in resisting temptation, allowing the suitors to abuse him as he bides his time. Aphrodite is the goddess of love. He also accompanies souls to the land of the dead. In other words, Poseidon is one of the antagonists in The Odyssey. Even when the beautiful goddess-nymph tempts him with immortality, Odysseus yearns for home. Nausicaa Daughter of Alcinous and Queen Arete, she finds Odysseus when he washes ashore on Phaeacia and expresses an attraction toward him.
He will often recount tales of your adventures and how the gods have influenced them. Often, however, strangers are but wayfarers, probably in need of at least some kind of help. Each will die a gruesome death. He appears only at the end of the poem and prepares to stand with his son against the Ithacan mob. Always at the side of her partner, Perikles', she hosts events and parties for the great thinkers, artists and politicians of the time.
One of the reasons that they are well matched is that they are both survivors. In both cases, Odysseus expresses little remorse about being unfaithful to his wife -- although infidelity is what he fears Penelope may be succumbing to at home. The loyal servants are rewarded; those who betray their master are dealt with more harshly. He presents Odysseus with a bag of the winds so that he may get home safely. He resides on an island. Cyclops acquires a taste of human flesh, and he keeps killing and eating two soldiers at a time.
The Trojan prince Paris is the son of king Priam and queen Hecuba. Leads a charge against the Trojans in Book 13. He is stoic, scheming, blue blooded and aristocratic, but his refusal to meet Sparta on the battlefield casts him as uncaring in the eyes of the suffering Athenians. The Open University is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in relation to its secondary activity of credit broking. He gives frequent signs to Odysseus and others in the forms of lightning or storms throughout the poem. Odysseus sees him in the Land of the Dead. After Odysseus kills the suitors, Telemachus hangs her for her disloyalty.
Yet tempering Odysseus' desire to return home is the temptation to enjoy the luxurious surroundings in which he sometimes finds himself -- particularly when he is in the company of beautiful goddesses. Some critics argue that Odysseus, in maintaining his disguise, is needlessly cruel to the old man; others conclude that he helps to restore his father to dignity. However, some of the more religious citizens of Greece see his methods as controversial - he thinks he can manipulate a fate that the gods have already decided? Some have translated it into prose and some into verse. The earliest translations of the Odyssey from its original Greek began to appear in Europe during the 16th century. Whether Penelope recognizes her husband, on the other hand, is a matter of dispute.