In his 1984 book, 'Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development', Kolb extended the ideas of Kurt Lewin, Jean Piaget and others, about adult learning, to produce an experiential learning concept - often represented by. The term metacognition literally means cognition about cognition, or more informally, thinking about thinking. How professionals think in action Aldershot, Avebury. If one cannot see how the learning is useful to one's life then it is likely to be forgotten very quickly. This requires a reflective approach that accepts and respects diverse perspectives, supported by evidence, and produces shared and inclusive knowledge.
Reflective practice makes sure you are responsible for yourself and your students Reflecting on your teaching will help you to understand how your students best learn and will allow you to be accountable for their progress. Kolb identified four learning styles which correspond to these stages. Recording logging your reflections How will I assess my performance? The theory presents a cyclical model of learning, consisting of four stages shown below. Students who have acquired metacognitive skills are better able to compensate for both low ability and insufficient information. Reflection-in-action allows you to deal with surprising incidents that may happen in a learning environment. It also allows for personalised learning as, rather than using preconceived ideas about what you should do in a particular situation, you decide what works best at that time for that unique experience and student. Concrete Experience - a new experience or situation is encountered, or a reinterpretation of existing experience.
He suggested that reflection does not sit easily within a modern Western culture based on scientific reasoning 1998. However, Janet Dyment and Timothy O'Connell, in a small-scale study of experienced teacher educators, noted that the teacher educators they studied had received no training in using reflection themselves, and that they in turn did not give such training to their students; all parties were expected to know how to reflect. Self reflection helps us to develop problem solving skills and find solutions in planning action for behaviour change. This alternative terminology, which includes some familiar words, can help us to understand and explain its principles and scope. To develop new skills as a learner I must reflect upon experience to access my own performances and plan for my future needs.
The questions you need to ask yourself are: what worked? Gibbs' reflective cycle The theoretical approach of reflection as a cyclical model was further developed by Gibbs 1998. Critical Reflection in Nursing and the Helping Professions: a User's Guide. The book is titled 'The Reflective Practitioner in Professional Education' see the reference list below. History of reflective practice We have already seen that terms such as reflection and critical thinking can mean different things to different people, and this variable characteristic features in the founding ideas of Reflective Practice. Educators should ensure that activities are designed and carried out in ways that offer each learner the chance to engage in the manner that suits them best. Behaviour therapy, Clinical psychology, Coaching 1829 Words 5 Pages Reflective Essay This semester in 1010 has definitely been challenging for me, but I have learned a great deal. Some call this 'thinking on our feet' a metaphor based on thinking while acting, which contrasts with more deliberate concentrated thought.
It also helps us detect hegemonic assumptions—assumptions that we think are in our own best interests, but actually work against us in the long run. It's long been observed that different learning methods produce different types of learning. Frames of reference, from different viewpoints. The process of reflection is a cycle which needs to be repeated. Donald Schön 's 1983 book The Reflective Practitioner introduced concepts such as reflection-on-action and reflection-in-action which explain how professionals meet the challenges of their work with a kind of that is improved through practice. See the , for example.
Criticisms are: May be too complicated for a beginner who is new to reflection. We introspect into these memorable events and reflect over them with regards the emotions and influences they have left in our lives. Here we examine ourselves to gauge our values, assumptions, behaviour and relationships, and thereby monitor our learning and develop our intra-personal and inter-personal skills equating to self-management, and external relationships. Other sources were much less well known Cowan, 1998; Lewin, 1951 and the Johari Window Luft and Ingham, 1955. It will also highlight the important aspect of communication within the theatre practitioners when working with patients who are under local or general anaesthetic. Reflective Practice is not the only learning process we need in life.
They commonly act on 'gut' instinct rather than logical analysis. Talking to colleagues about problems and gaining their perspective increases our chance of finding some information that can help our situation. Our colleagues serve as critical mirrors reflecting back to us images of our actions. This model tells us that learning involves the acquisition of concepts, which we then apply to a variety of different situations, and that new experiences allow us to learn new concepts. Each learning style is located in a different quadrant of the cycle of learning: Kolb is the inspiration for a large numbers of theorists. Faster Higher Stronger, 10, pp.
Through questioning and changing the way you deliver your lessons, you will find new solutions and become more flexible with your teaching. A person who reflects throughout his or her practice is not just looking back on past actions and events, but is taking a conscious look at emotions, experiences, actions, and responses, and using that information to add to his or her existing knowledge base and reach a higher level of understanding. Definitions do however provide a useful basis for comprehension, and consistent terminology for discussion, especially for a subject open to quite different interpretations. I have improved in my writing but. This is where you make sure students play an active part in their learning. Subjective reflections can be faulty, especially when based on perceptions alone.
We can also use objective evidence to support our reflections, and in this way reduce bias in interpreting events and experiences. See the for help relating to group relationships. The final three sections relate to making sense of the experience and how you, as the teacher, can improve on the situation. Your reflection-in-action allows you to understand why this has happened and how to respond to overcome this situation. Birmingham, Birmingham City University, Birmingham School of Acting 940 Words 5 Pages Task D Reflective essay The concepts of reflective practice are widely accepted in education and many other professions, in simple terms, Moon 2004 describes it as a process of 'cognitive housekeeping' whereby a practitioner would explore their own values, beliefs and practice to a professional situation. Their theory was built around the recognition and correction of a perceived fault or error. We must be open to an evolving picture - to adopt a questioning stance, and to look beyond the surface to find truth.
The basis for this model is our own experience, which is then reviewed, analysed and evaluated systematically in three stages. This quick Reflective Practice assessment tool indicates how and to what degree you use Reflective Practice. Then people are able to think about possible situations and their outcomes, and deliberate about whether they carried out the right actions. From this perspective, reflective activities may be seen as too subjective and not sufficiently rooted in evidence, which is considered to be a more valid effective way to find truth. Reflection here means looking beneath the surface to find the truth about something, to draw conclusions for building new knowledge.