Thomas à Becket 1118 — 1170 was a Londoner, born into a comfortably-off Norman family; he was educated in Paris and Bologna, where he acquired notoriety as a bit of a scoundrel and ladykiller. Although Foliot tried to enlist the help of his fellow bishops in an appeal, they were less than helpful. The death of Thomas Becket sent shockwaves through England and beyond. On the suggestion of Theobald, Henry appointed as his chancellor. At this point in time, the Church and State of England fought mainly for power over the judicial system of England.
Any man who had been trained by the church could choose to be tried by a church court. Much of the power in the country at that time was enjoyed and exploited by the rich bishops and abbots of the Church. Source 10 describing what happened after the death of c. His election was confirmed on 23 May 1162 by a royal council of bishops and noblemen. The king then explained what had happened to his attendants. The news was carried to the king, who was then in the neighbourhood of Bayeux. The new King was the lawful son of Geoffrey, Count of Anjou.
Watch The Secret Behind Secret Societies. Whatever Henry said, it was interpreted as a royal command, and four knights, , , and , set out to confront the Archbishop of Canterbury. One of the knights approached him, and struck Becket on the shoulder with the flat of his sword. But in the name of Almighty God, I forbid you to hurt my people. Henry capped his atonement by spending the night in the martyr's crypt.
Gilbert began his life as a merchant, perhaps as a textile merchant, but by the 1120s he was living in London and was a property owner, living on the rental income from his properties. Instead, Becket went into exile at. The knights who did the deed to curry the king's favor, fell into disgrace. They were used by God in powerful ways to bring about the Protestant Reformation. The younger Henry was reported to have said Becket showed him more fatherly love in a day than his father did for his entire life. In his cups with his faithful lords, he suggested it might be a good idea for Becket to die. Handbook of British Chronology p.
If the criminal in England can read, he asks to defend himself by the book. Three years later the Pope made Becket a saint, following reports of miracles at his tomb. As Chancellor, Becket enforced the king's traditional sources of revenue that were exacted from all landowners, including churches and bishoprics. Primary Sources Source 1 The death of Thomas Becket in 1170 1471 Source 2 , 1991 Thomas Becket eventually agreed to return to England. In the town of , also in Kent, Becket is said to have caused the inhabitants of the town and their descendants to be born with tails.
He often exposed his naked back to the lash. This is also illustrated in one of the miracle windows. A few of these documents are by unknown writers, although traditional historiography has given them names. Question 3: Compare the versions of Thomas Becket's death in 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11. Henry stated that the church was subject to the law of the land, but Becket insisted that the Church was above the law. He consented and they entered. He has shamed my kin, shamed my realm: the grief goes to my heart, and no one has avenged me! He was made a saint in 1173, and his grave at Canterbury became a popular shrine, much visited as part of a pilgrimage.
Thomas continued as a popular cultist figure for the remainder of the Middle Ages. Henry also offered a compromise on the subject of the Constitutions of Clarendon, that the legates accepted. The king was determined that the clergy should not be exempted from the due reward of their misdoings. The king and Becket soon became close friends. Henry trusted him and his advice. His loyalty to the King turned into an immobile trust and love for God, and his great mind was now a property of the Church.
The king believed that Becket had betrayed him and was determined to obtain revenge. The four knights, wielding drawn swords, caught up with him in a spot near a door to the monastic cloister, the stairs into the crypt, and the stairs leading up into the of the cathedral, where the monks were chanting vespers. Attempts by Henry to influence the other bishops against Becket began in in October 1163, where the King sought approval of the traditional rights of the royal government in regard to the church. He did not, however, study canon or civil law at this time and his skill always remained somewhat rudimentary. Photo The Assassination of Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral, 1170. Becket replied that he was not prepared to answer those charges and was eventually found guilty of both.
Most serious to modern minds is his failure to visit the disapproving and dying Theobald when summoned. Thomas spent some six years in exile before things calmed down sufficient for him to return to Canterbury. Finally, even Becket expressed his willingness to agree to the substance of the , but he still refused to formally sign the documents. Henry wanted to aggravate Becket by making annoying changes. When Theobald of Bec died in 1162, Henry chose Becket as his next.