The permanent effect from both phases was elimination of the aristocracy and bring significant portion of middle class into decision making process of their state. Napoleon Bonaparte became very powerful because the government relied on his fighting skills to enforce their commands. France was about to leave its revolution behind and enter into a new era. The moderate revolutionary policies can please neither side. They executed anyone who opposed the revolution.
The Bastille was built in the Middle Ages and had served as a prison for many years, but it was not used very much at the time. However, the government remained unpopular, and the French continued to protest and even riot. It happened spontaneously when the Third Estate- basically the urban and rural middle class- declared their independence with the Oath of the Tennis Court,on June 17, 1789. It wrote a revised constitution and revoked many of the freedoms likevoting rights that it had earlier given to the people. Clearly, this request was not met, and the crowd broke through the gates to the palace, calling for the king to return to Paris from Versailles. Whether historians date its emergence in 1789 or 1815--the beginning of the French Revolution or the end of the Napoleonic Era--they are in agreement that the two decades in which France upset the old European political and social order comprised a uniquely turbulent time that forms a major turning point in world history.
Have the students read the documents suggested below to familiarize themselves with the ideas of their assigned role. In fact the armies are so successful some consider using a General to create a new type of government. The Napoleonic Code was instituted and its legal and financial reforms were instrumental in creating an effective,efficient system of government. The wave of revolutionary fervor and widespread hysteria quickly swept the countryside. They believed a constitutional government would spell the end of absolutism and arbitrary decision making.
Napoleon changed French laws, taxes, the government, and even religion. The leadership executed many of its own revolutionary, majority during the Reign of Terror and regardless if they were moderate, radical or conservative. The king was almost bankrupt, and he could only receive more money by meeting with the three estates: the nobles, the clergy, and the Third Estate, or commoners. If the claim is exaggerated, it is so only in a mild way. The first stage ended in 1792 because the republicans took over the attacks and made much more radical changes.
The Revolution had a dramatic cultural impact in terms of building nationalism. Providing the first major nation in Europe with a written constitution and a code of political behavior--this was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen--the revolutionaries, in the summer of the year 1789, had already converted the king's subject into the nation's citizen. Danton, with his slightly more moderate views, fell victim first. In England Cromwell reconquered Ireland and seized. France was ready to leave its revolution behind and enter a new era.
Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in June 1791, retain? This Constitution created a democratically elected republic, with the branches of government and their powers clearly articulated. The most visible instruments of oppression in the Ancien Régime were lettres de cachet, or sealed orders signed by the king. Spring 1799: 2nd Coalition of Austria, Russia, Turkey and Great Britain drive French Army back. All individuals were entitled to live in safety, to be free from oppression, to acquire property and have it safe from theft or seizure. The rising bourgeoisie wanted political and social equality with the nobility of the Second Estate.
A political struggle between the two major groups, the Girondins moderates and Jacobins radicals was won by the Jacobins, of whom Robespierre was the most famous. A Recipe for Revolution In 1789, France was a mess. The disgruntled Third Estate of commoners loudly shouted for a new constitution and formed the National Constituent Assembly. It was created by the third estate because they were mad about the unfair tax laws. The political system was based on the consensus, which worked on transformation of the state and write first constitution. The culmination of this was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, passed by the National Constituent Assembly in August 1789.
This is disputed, then and later by, among others; , , , , , , who wrote of the as a '' and of the as a third revolution. Remarkably, this horrific stain on the revolution found supporters in the Russian Revolution of 1917 who emulated it in Red Terror. They were anti-clericalists who wanted to reform the clergy and limit its social and political power. But on the Continent, the citizen more served the state, than the state the citizen. Most of those who criticised the church and its higher clergy were not atheists, nor were they opposed to religion.
From this date until Napoleon's abdication in 1814, with the exception of a brief period in 1802-1803, France was at war. The Revolution interrupted the smallest daily routine, just as it overthrew the most powerful example of the Old Regime. On June 17, with talks over procedure stalled, the Third Estate met alone and formally adopted the title of National Assembly; three days later, they met in a nearby indoor tennis court and took the so-called Tennis Court Oath serment du jeu de paume , vowing not to disperse until constitutional reform had been achieved. Although it failed to achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath, the French Revolution played a critical role in shaping modern nations by showing the world the power inherent in the will of the people. These are some of the most frenetic and important days in Europe's history.
The revolution was reportedly sparked by Marie Antoinette and her selfish innocence. This dissatisfaction could also be found among the lower clergy, men like Emmanuel Sieyès, who were frustrated by corruption, venality and lack of accountability within the church. Women rights Women get divorce easier and women could enherit property People realize they need a leader Nationalism sweeps threw France. The aristocratic ancien rÃ©gime was effectively overthrown, along with the new bourgeois middle class, in favor a Republic ruled by a National Assembly. Fall 1793: price controls, dechristianization, administrative reform p. Brinton argues both are right, as both the right circumstances and active agitation are necessary for the revolution to succeed p.