The toxins that are components of plastic include diethylhexyl phthalate, which is a toxic , as well as lead, cadmium, and mercury. Good hygienic practices and use of antibiotics can prevent this disease. New and emerging waterborne infectious diseases. It causes the destruction of the ecosystems and the habitat. Together, these two factors have led to a high prominence of plastic in the environment. But the smaller the particles are, the more likely they are to enter the bloodstream and even cells in the body. Space constraints are also becoming an issue.
Giardia is resistant to wintry temperature and disinfectant. This may have effects on social behavior and anxiety after birth. Chemical components such as cadmium, asbestos, mercury, cyanide, arsenic, and chromium commonly found in pharmaceutical, pesticides, and fertilizer industrial wastes also have devastating effects on human health. For example, clay particles a form of elephantiasis in about 1. In rural America and many parts of the developing world, open burning of waste in barrels is common instead of or in addition to landfilling. When the atmospheric balance is compromised, various atmospheric imbalances such as the greenhouse effect, climate change, and global warming are experienced.
National Geographic An article discussing how plastic breaks down in the ocean and is ingested by sea birds, asserts that humans will as well be affected by the toxins. Weak management system It is reported that 75 to 80% water pollution is caused by the domestic sewage. Fish easily become contaminated from the chemicals in the water. The problem with plastics is caused by people. How concerned by this should we be? Findings indicate that many of the synthetic garments designed to keep us warm in the outdoors are contributing to the ocean pollution problem. Average levels of daily exposure are below the levels deemed to be unsafe, but more research needs to be done on the effects of low dose exposure on humans.
It can impact human health in many ways as the forms of pollution are nearly endless and ever-present. Consequently, some species have died while trying to adapt, some have gone extinct, and several are currently on the verge of extinction. The concern is whether micro-plastics will increase chemical uptake and accumulation throughout the food chain increasing our exposure to such chemicals through our food. Journal of environment and human. Many cities and states have begun more serious efforts to , but the subject remains a matter of considerable debate.
The average person produces half a pound of plastic waste every day. These organisms at one point or another take-up or swallow the toxic chemicals from the plastics. Winds may also carry the plastics to other areas, increasing plastic littering. Equipment such as nets can also drag along the seabed, causing damage to coral reefs. Research done on oil pollution is diverse as oil effects various things in multiple ways. We play in rivers, lakes and streams — we live near bodies of water.
Infection occurs when cyst found in contaminated water and it is swallowed. Their organization Bye Bye Plastic Bags has spread to 28 locations around the world. The Ocean Acts' underlying principle is sustainable development, precautionary and integrated management approach to ensure that there is a comprehensive understanding in protecting marine areas. In the most polluted places in the ocean, the mass of plastic exceeds the amount of plankton six times over. Poliomyelitis virus is responsible for poliomyelitis. This could threaten the survival of certain species, especially since many are sadly endangered by other types of anthropogenic actions.
The healthcare sector may serve as a model for illustrating how steps can be taken immediately to move toward a more sustainable consumption of plastic materials. Lets make these changes before it is too late and we kill the all oceanic life, or even our own. Relevant discussion may be found on. J Bio and Env Sci. We experience the negative effects of plastic pollution when we consume seafood. This plastic debris can kill the sea turtle by obstructing the.
Sometimes Marine mammals are entangled in plastic products such as nets, which can harm or kill them. Consider, then, the terrific health liability of exposure through accidental or unwitting incineration or house fire. Furthermore, millions of money are spent annually to clean regions littered or affected by plastic pollution. Polythene bag and plastic waste is a major source of pollution. I found it very compelling. Particulate pollutants are added to the air by industries and automobiles. The duo wants to highlight the microplastic problem and encourage women to take leadership roles in ocean protection and science.