In cities employment of women is almost inevitable to meet the increasing cost of living. The presence of credit available to the urban producers to expand their business and engage in other ventures is one of the advantages the urban folks have over the rural folks who although have the available raw materials, lack the capital and technological expertise which can be provided by the financial sectors. McKinney identifies key challenges such as human disconnection from the natural environment which is a disadvantage of urbanization. From a negative standpoint, those studying urbanization are concerned with poor water and air quality, issues with waste disposal, a significant increase in energy usage and insufficient water availability. Problem of Pollution: In industrialized cities pollution is a major problems.
Historically, it has been closely connected with industrialization. While a major topic in modern society, it's not a new phenomenon. In Metro cities like Mumbai, Bangalore etc. In 1833, The Factory Act prohibited children between the ages of 9 and 13 from working more than 8 hours per day and barred children between the ages of 13 and 18 from working more than 12 hours per day. About six in ten small-scale rural farmers are poor, and many are women. Select two agents and describe their effects and how they are transmitted. Services and industries generate and increase higher value-added jobs, and this leads to more employment opportunities.
Since water vapor itself is a greenhouse gas, this causes a lot more warming. With time, their cultural values began to fade. So, what are the side effects and drawbacks of this growth? This was because, most of the people were used to staying and working in their own farms, and the basic necessities of life-water and food, were easily accessible to them. More vehicles mean more pollution. In fact, by 1850, over 50% of the entire population of Great Britain lived in either a town or a city instead of in a rural community.
The early factories were extremely unsafe. The levels of violence were high, including the number of murders in the city. There are very high-quality schools with excellent teachers, teaching with up-to-date techniques. How do they affect living organisms? Social factors: Many social factors such as attraction of cities, better standard of living, better educational facilities, need for status also induce people to migrate to cities. Children were seen as a source of low-cost labor. Impersonalized city environment, combined with the dehumanizing working atmosphere, and the division within various sections of the society; all in a way were responsible for the socialist revolution, all around the world. Rapid housing construction leads to overcrowding and slums, which experience major problems such as poverty, poor sanitation, unemployment and high crime rates.
Besides, education is taken into account seriously. Urbanization is more rapid than a population growth. Faridi, 2012 Tellnes P, 2014. Increasing demand for sophisticated products like cosmetics etc. Additionally, strains on important natural resources, such as water supply, leads to higher prices and general environmental sustainability problems.
Spread of education: The literacy rate has increased among the rural people. Besides, education is taken into account seriously. During the early 1900s, researchers from the University of Chicago wanted to explore the effects of urbanization, industrialization, and immigration on patterns of social organization in Chicago neighborhoods Kurbin, 2010. According to Johnson, the miasma theory was the spread of the cholera disease through the air instead of through personal contact. These services may also be beneficial for controlling diseases in an urban population. Then the roads and the logged areas attract settlers, farmers, and ranchers who slash and burn the remaining forest for cropland or cattle pasture, completing the deforestation chain that began with road building. This must apply to the extreme in Phoenix for instance.
It becomes a new story when their quest for employment becomes an illusion as there is no job to absorb them. While the working classes were confined to unhealthy living conditions, unsafe working environment, low-paying jobs, etc. In a shaft mine, a hole is dug straight through the overburden to the ore, which is removed up through the shaft in buckets. This leaves much people in the rural areas unemployed in most part of the year. Benefits of Urbanization in America Other benefits of Urbanization in America included the building and establishment of museums, theaters, art galleries and libraries. In an urban situation in a hot climate, people demand air conditioning, which uses a lot of energy and causes thermal pollution.
It is not wrong to say that this unplanned urban growth influences accommodation in the form of illegal buildings by ruining the nature and natural beauties. As a result, people cannot get a good examination in medical centers. Report also has it that over 70 per cent of these populations would settle in cities and towns. As a matter of fact, transportation is extremely developed so as to make use of time efficiently. Urbanisation denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centres to a rural hinterland.