Balenciaga biography. Cristobal Balenciaga: 10 Things You Didn't Know About the Couturier 2019-02-09

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Cristóbal Balenciaga biography

balenciaga biography

He designed her attire for Funny Face 1957 and Breakfast at Tiffany's 1961 along with fellow costumier , who'd previously handled wardrobe for Hepburn in Sabrina. Balenciaga envisioned the garment as a three-dimensional form encircling the body, occasionally touching it and even grasping it, but also spiraling away so the contrast in construction was always between the apparent freedom of the garment and its body-defining moments. Balenciaga had many loyal customers and relationships. Balenciaga lost his main clientele of the 1920s, the Spanish royal family and the aristocracy who summered in San Sebastián and wintered in Madrid. Others grew into Balenciaga through familiarity with his house in Paris, for example, Mona Bismarck, widow of Harrison Williams, one of the wealthiest men in America, who consistently acquired her wardrobe from him every season for twenty years, even the shorts she wore for yachting or gardening. Well-documented record of designs chosen and worn by Bismarck.


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Fashion Facts

balenciaga biography

New York: Holmes and Meier, 1980. From this training, he went on to become chief designer in a local dressmaking establishment, before opening his own house in Madrid. As was relatively common in Parisian couture, Balenciaga was a limited company, in the form of a partnership between Balenciaga himself, his hat designer and friend Vladzio Zawrorowski d. This floor had the appearance of the hallway of a grand house, with a black-and-white tiled floor, rich carpets, and dark wooden and gilded furniture and fittings. In 1951, he totally transformed the silhouette, broadening the shoulders and removing the waist. He shunned notoriety Unlike most fellow designers, Balenciaga always tried to avoid publicity — he never came out to take a bow at the end of his shows and the only full interview he ever granted was in 1971, to Prudence Glyn of The Times.


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Fashion Facts

balenciaga biography

His mother was a seamstress, and as a child Balenciaga often spent time with her as she worked. Balenciaga: Masterpieces of Fashion Design. Photograph by Richard Avedon © The Richard Avedon Foundation 3. Balenciaga's former apprentices André Courrèges and Emanuel Ungaro , colleagues , and aficionados Oscar de la Renta and have inherited and propagated certain elements of his philosophy and style. Balenciaga was successful during his early career as a designer in Spain.

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Hubert de Givenchy

balenciaga biography

Balenciaga's garments lack pretension; they were characterized by self-assured couture of simple appearance, austerity of details, and reserve in style. New York: Rizzoli International, 1989. . He went on to receive professional training by joining a tailoring firm aged 12. After attending art school, he worked for several important fashion designers in Paris. He was not known to mingle with his clients, and he regularly observed the introduction of his latest collection while perched behind a white curtain. The film star , a regular visitor to Spain in the 1950s, patronized Eisa, for example, as well as the Parisian house.

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Balenciaga Biography to Be Released

balenciaga biography

Major department stores bought Balenciaga models with particular customers in mind and then reproduced as closely as possible the couture experience in their salons, offering fashion shows, personal advice on customers' social and practical needs, and high standards of fitting and making. His mother, Martina Eizaguirre was a seamstress who worked for the Marquesa de Casa Torres, one of the most prominent women in his town, and other well-heeled families in the area. In 2012 Ghesquière exits the brand and took his place as creative director. Vreeland, Diana, The World of Balenciaga exhibition catalogue , , , 1973. Her haute couture bills were eventually discreetly paid by her father-in-law,.

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Cristóbal Balenciaga biography, Biography

balenciaga biography

Dovima with Sacha, cloche and suit by Balenciaga, Café des Deux Magots, Paris, 1955. A multidisciplinary approach to haute couture that unpacks many of its myths by delving into the dissemination of haute couture through transatlantic especially Torontonian outlets, the uses and meanings of couture clothing to clients achieved through , and the examination of objects in the Royal Ontario Museum's textile collection. Givenchy died on March 10, 2018, a spokesman for his company confirmed a few days later. In the absence of financial or administrative archives for the house of Balenciaga, it is possible to reconstruct its organization and strategy only through its public registration, its rich design archive, and limited oral and written testimony from the salon, some of the more illustrious members of its clientele, and a few of the designer's colleagues or pupils. Fashion: An Anthology by Cecil Beaton.

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Cristóbal Balenciaga biography

balenciaga biography

He closed down all Balenciaga houses in Paris and Spain, but in 1972 he was asked to design the wedding dress for María Del Carmen the future Duchess of Cadiz, opening shop once again just for his final piece before he passed away on March 24 that same year. In his following collections, he highlighted elegant evening gowns, feminine hats and tailored suits. At the age of 17, Givenchy began an apprenticeship with designer Jacques Fath. Balenciaga in the 21st century is tremendously popular, featuring shades of original Cristobal Balenciaga designs with a Ghesqui ére twist. They also proved practical for busy lifestyles. Other very successful designs followed, such as ankle-length ballroom dresses, sack dress or evening dresses with asymmetrical cuts. His tailoring apprenticeship gave him a mastery of cut and construction and an obsession with perfection of fit.

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Balenciaga Biography to Be Released

balenciaga biography

The French government fostered couture and its ancillary trades because they were important national export industries. Later Career, Retirement and Death After selling his business to the luxury conglomerate Louis Vuitton Moët Hennessey in 1988, Givenchy designed for seven more years, retiring and presenting his final collection in 1995. He was, in fact, an inexorable flatterer, a sycophant to the imperfect body. Gimmickry was avoided at all costs—even in the postwar period of consumerism, when many of Balenciaga's competitors engaged freely in a variety of new sales tactics, including the development of ranges of ready-to-wear clothing, accessories, and numerous fragrances and the use of advertising. In 1960 he made the wedding dress for Fabiola de Mora y Aragón when she married king Baudouin I of Belgium.


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All You Need To Know About Cristóbal Balenciaga

balenciaga biography

His final piece was revealed days before his death In 1972, Balenciaga had already closed down all of his couture houses in Paris, Barcelona and Madrid when he was asked to design the wedding gown for Francisco Franco's granddaughter and future Duchess of Cadiz María del Carmen Martínez-Bordiú. Like a 20th-century artist, Balenciaga directed himself to a part of the body, giving us a selective, concentrated vision. Subsidies encouraged the use of French textiles, and textile manufacturers supplied short runs of rare fabrics for couture collections. By keeping the press unaware of the design of his garments until the day before they were shipped to stores, he hoped to curtail ongoing piracy and copying of his designs. He was born in Getaria. In contrast, wholesalers bought with batch production in mind, spreading Balenciaga styles through their adaptation of toiles from the house. One of Givenchy's most famous affiliates was actress , who wore his designs in Breakfast at Tiffany's and Charade, among other films.

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