The two tributaries converge in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan where they form the Nile River. With irrigation, two crops per year can be produced, except for which has a growing period of almost one year. In the 1950s, Egyptian leader Gamal Abdel Nasser envisioned building a new dam across the Nile, one large enough to end flooding and bring electric power to every corner of Egypt. Construction lasted until 1902, and the dam was opened on 10 December 1902. The River Nile was a source of water for the Egyptians. Resettlement Dams and the creation of reservoirs also require relocation of potentially large human populations if they are constructed close to residential areas.
This is because the rate of deposition of sediment is greatly reduced since there is less to deposit but the rate of erosion remains nearly constant, the water flow erodes the river shores and riverbed, threatening shoreline ecosystems, deepening the riverbed, and narrowing the river over time. They get their drinking water from Lake Nasser. The farmers of the farmland are now able to water their fields year round,which means the nation is no longer at the mercy of the flood. Modern interferences in traditional water resources in Baluchistan. Farmers use water from the River Nile to irrigate their crops. When a lot of water islost, there will be less water for the villagers to use for drinking, washing and otheractivities.
While the Blue Nile begins in LakeTana in western Ethiopia. The Suez Canal was occupied, but Soviet, U. With thismeans that the farmers would produce more crops. The dam powers twelve generators each rated at 175 megawatts 235,000 hp , with a total of 2. There were some advantages to building this dam and there are some disadvantages that must be looked at as well. When the Nile River would flood, it would do more than provide farmers with fertile soil that could be used for planting.
The reservoir storage capacity is 162 km 3, including 31 km 3 dead storage at the bottom of the lake below 147 m above sea level, 90 km 3 live storage, and 41 km 3 of storage for high flood waters above 175m above sea level. By comparing the standards of living in Afghanistan and Qatar, which of the following general statements can we make about the standard of living in the Middle East? Its reservoir submerged a large area of land, forcing over a million people to relocate. The invasion occurred in 1941, from August 25th to September 17th. This dam was insufficient to hold back the water of the Nile and wassubsequently raised in 1912 and 1933. It has made the Nile River easier to navigate.
In return, this mean that there were less fish available, so fishing in the area was dramatically reduced. Thus,farmers will have a lower income. The giant reservoir created by the dam—300 miles long and 10 miles wide—was named Lake Nasser in his honor. It is of … much lowerheight 50% shorter in actuality and appearance as compared to theHoover Dam. Some of the people did not want to move house. More recently, the construction of and other similar projects throughout , and have generated considerable environmental and political debate.
Since it was built, the nutrients from the river that used to flow to the sea were trapped, leaving lesser food for aquatic life. Before its construction, water from the Nile would flow to the Mediterranean Sea. The dam is located between Sudan and Egypt with its water coming from the Nile River while the reservoir it creates forms Lake Nasser. As with any dam, there are some pros and cons with the decision to install the Aswan Dam. The Nile: Histories, Cultures, Myths.
It provided the Egyptians with fish. Also reprinted in Water Research Journal 1983 139, pp. These floods brought high water with natural and that annually enriched the fertile along its and ; this predictability had made the Nile valley ideal for farming since. Nasser planned on the revenues generated by the canal helping to fund construction of the High Dam. This enabled the Egyptians to cultivate wheat,barley, beans, lentils, peas, leeks and onions, as well asfruits such as dates, figs, grapes and melons. It is one of the world's largestembankment dams, holding nearly 5 times more water than the HooverDam.
There is still much room forimprovement, and hopefully new technologies will be implemented to make the AswanHigh Dam and the Nile River beneficial for all. Frequent floods affect many parts of Egypt and regions surrounding the river especially those living on the lower parts of the river. With theincreasing population, the unreliability of the flood, and various other factors, theAswan High Dam was built, and man now can control the water flow of the Nile River. Wild animals that visit the river to drink water also attack residents and destroy their crops in the process. Fifty thousand Egyptians were transported to the valley, 30 miles 50 km north of Aswān, to form a new agricultural zone called Nubaria, and most of the Sudanese were resettled around Khashm al-Qirbah, Sudan. This explains the later offer of December 1955, in which the U.